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Cascade Geographic Society

P.O. Box 398

Rhododendron, Oregon 97049

(503) 622-4798

 

General Information

about the...

Cascade Geographic Society

 

 

~ The Cascade Geographic Society (CGS) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization that was founded by Michael P. Jones back in 1979.

~ CGS is an educational organization that works with schools on history and natural resource opportunities, both in and outside of school.

~ CGS operates "Project Discovery", a program that works with "at risk"

youth in the inner-city, introducing them to natural areas and historic sites. Often times, this program provides students with opportunities that may only be available to them through this program.

~ CGS teaches teachers about historical and natural resource issues through classes taught through Portland State University.

~ CGS restores Salmon and other aquatic habitats, as well as fish and wildlife habitats. For the past 20 years, with very little recognition for their work, these important habitats, adversely impacted by humans, have been transformed back into places utilized by Salmon, Steelhead, Sea-Run Trout, Elk, Deer, Bear, Cougar, and many other species.

~ CGS has established a "Sanctuary Land Program", where critical fish and willdife habitats, including those with cultural and historical significance, are purchase so that they can be preserved in a natural state forever. A recent purchase was "Rhododendron Meadow", an important 14.5 acres in the Village of Rhododendron with four Salmon and Steelhead streams,

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wetlands, biggame habitat, wetlands, a segment of the Oregon Trail, and Native American cultural sites.

~ CGS sponsors the Mount Hood Public Lands Clean-Up (held in November), as well as 30 smaller clean- ups, each year in critical fish and wildlife habitats, and cultural and historical sites.

~ CGS maintains a unique interpretative center in the Village of Welches on Mount Hood. The facility, known as "Stage Stop Road Interpretative Center", is located in donated space. The facility focuses around the Oregon Trail, Native American history, fish and wildlife, and natural resources. No admission fee is charged.

~ CGS is working to establish a "Living History Center" in the Village of Rhododendron that will be utilized by schools and the public for educational programs.

~ CGS has saved a number of Native American sites that will be utilized by future generations.

~ CGS has saved many miles of the Oregon Trail and other historic sites that will be enjoyed by future generations.

~ CGS has been working to save the Old Mount Hood Loop Road (1919-1925) and related bridges and other historical structures for future generations.

~ CGS has saved many acres of wildlife habitats, natural areas, wetlands, Salmon and Steelhead streams, etc., that will be enjoyed and utilized by future generations.

~ CGS works to preserve historical artifacts, photographs, books, maps, and other documents that will be enjoyed by future generations.

~ CGS operates "Portland Underground Tours", in Portland, Oregon, offering people a chance to venture into the infamous "Shanghai Tunnels" where the history of shanghaiing in the "City of Roses" comes to life.

~ CGS believes not only in preserving our natural, cultural, and historical sites, but also in celebrating them. This is why we sponsor the following festivals and events: Mount Hood Huckleberry Festival & Barlow Trail ~3~

 

Days, Mount Hood Salmon & Mushroom Festival, Oregon Trail Quilt Show, Pioneer Harvest Feast, and Christmas Along the Barlow Trail.

~ CGS has no paid employees. Everyone who works for the organization volunteers their time. Two individuals who donate their time put in over 30 hours each week because the work the organization does is very important.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cascade Geographic Society

P.O. Box 398

Rhododendron, Oregon 97049

(503) 622-4798

Non-Profit Tax Identification Number: 94-3041308

 

 

General Information

about the...

"Oregon Country Settlement"

 

 

 

BACKGROUND & PURPOSE OF THE PROJECT

The "Oregon Country Settlement" is Cascade Geographic Society's unique living history and natural environmental education complex, located in the Village of Rhododendron on the western slope of Mount Hood. This project is being built by volunteers so that schools may have a unique landscape to utilize for education.

Three main historic buildings at the "Oregon Country Settlement" were declared historical landmarks by the Clackamas County Historic Review Board in 2003. In addition, the entire property had a "historical overlay" placed over it which will protect the important historical, cultural, and natural area sites located there that are worthy to be preserved for future generations, such as three sections of the Oregon Trail that pass through this acreage.

The purpose of the "Oregon Country Settlement" is education. This project will give students from the inner-city, as well as those who are physically- challenged, a variety of "hands-on" frontier living and natural history experiences that are rarely offered or currently not offered at all. In addition, we are working on adding an overnight component school groups who would lay down their air-mattresses and sleepingbags. This would take place in the

 

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"Tyee Bear Lodge", the "Storytelling Lodge", and in the "Native American Museum".

The "Oregon Country Settlement" is also utilized for classes primarily for teachers in the Portland Metropolitan Area through Portland State University. These are both upper division (graduate-level) classes for people in the education field, in addition to lower division

(undergraduate-level) classes for those thinking about going into teaching.

The "Oregon Country Settlement" has unique facilities that makes it an ideal learning environment. It has both "living history" (hands-on) and museums.

The "Storytelling Lodge", "Blacksmith Shop", "Trading Post", "Wilderness House", "Wash House", "Community House", "Stables Building", "Dining Hall", and more, provides special educational experiences.

The property associated with the "Oregon Country Settlement", which is primarily undeveloped wildlands, provides ideal outdoor classrooms.

Forests, meadows, streams, wetlands, and ponds that comprise geographic places known as "Rhododendron Meadow", Whiskey Jack Creek Wetlands", "Big Bear Meadow", "Meadow Creek Wetlands", etc., provide a wide range of educational opportunities.

Today, more than ever, projects such as the "Oregon Country Settlement", which has been designed for both curriculum and affordability, are in demand by schools. In other words, this "Living History Village" fulfills both a critical educational need and an important void that currently exists.

The "Oregon Country Settlement" is located on 18 acres of land, of which at least 95% has been left in its natural state, featuring streams, meadows, and forests. These include "Rhododendron Meadow", "Meadow Creek Wetlands", "Big Bear Meadow", and "Whiskey Jack Creek Wetlands". There are several anadromous fish streams which include Henry Creek, Little Henry Creek, Meadow Creek, and Whiskey Jack Creek. This impressive landscape makes for ideal outdoor classrooms and provides many opportunities for environmental education.

 

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The remaining 5 per cent of the 18 acres, located on the southwest corner of the property, has several buildings leftover from a turn-of-the-century logging camp, which are currently being renovated. One building was constructed in the 1880's, while the other two were built around 1900. The three historic buildings have been designated as Clackamas County landmarks and the land has been given a "historic overlay" protection, also by the County, due to the historical and cultural resources associated with them.

 

 

2005 by Cascade Geographic Society.

 

 

Cascade Geographic Society

P.O. Box 398

Rhododendron, Oregon 97049

(503) 622-4798

Non-Profit Tax Identification Number: 94-3041308

 

 

General Information about...

"Stage Stop Road Interpretative Center"

24525 East Stage Stop Road

in the historic Village of Welches

[located at the junction of

East Stage Stop Road & Welches Road]

 

Stage Stop Road Interpretative Center was established by the Cascade Geographic Society to tell the story of the Oregon Trail on Mount Hood.

This educational facility not only interprets the accounts of the travelers who passed through, but also about the people who came and settled, as well as about the rich natural resource treasures that attracted them here.

The exhibits featured in the "Great Hall of the Westward Journey" at Stage Stop Road Interpretative Center, helps one to understand the tremendous difficulties and sacrifices of the emigrants. Featured are artifacts that crossed over the Oregon Trail, including old tools, bibles, covered wagon and buggy parts, surveying equipment, and even a child's "viewing casket". There are maps depicting the various routes of this emigrant path over Mount Hood and to the "jumping off" places in the Missouri River Country, and interpretative writings about this dangeous undertaking.

In another section of Stage Stop Road Inrepretative Center is a small "Museum". This features Native American artifacts, fish and wildlife exhibits, and items from the early-day resorts on the Mountain. There are historic photographs that capture sections of the Oregon Trail on Mount Hood, and the historic villages like Welches, Wemme, Wildwood, Brightwood, Salmon, Cherryville, Faubion, Zig Zag, Rhododendron, and Government Camp and other settlements that were developed along this frontier route.

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A gift shop at Stage Stop Road Inrepretative Center offers great books for sale, gift baskets, Huckleberry products (like jam and candy) and other Wildberry Jams, not to mention Wild Dried Mushrooms from the slopes of Mount Hood. There are Oregon Trail walking sticks, maps, caps, tote bags, scratchpads, and much more, including nickel postcards and 25 cent note cards.

If you need a unique gift for the holidays, anniversaries, birthdays, thank yous, etc.? The gift shop at Stage Stop Road Inrepretative Center is the right place to shop. There is something for everyone. Here, you can even build your own gift basket, filling it with just what you want for that special person.

If you want to experience a unique educational facility on Oregon's beautiful Mount Hood, come to Stage Stop Road Inrepretative Center for:

Oregon Trail Information

Historical Exhibits

Natural History Exhibits

Native American Exhibits

Wild Huckleberry Jam

Huckleberry Candy

Wild Dried Mushrooms

Old Mount Hood Loop Highway Information

Wild Fish Information

History Books & Maps

5 Postcards & 25 Notecards

Historical Photographs

Information on Historical Tours

Volunteer Opportunities

Unique & Special Gifts

All proceeds go towards preserving the Oregon Trail and its heritage treasures!

Donations accepted and appreciated!

For further information, please contact:

~ Cascade Geographic Society ~

P.O. Box 398

Rhododendron, Oregon 97049

(503) 622-4798

EMAIL: cgsmthood@onemail.com

WEBSITE: members.tripod.com/cgs-mthood

 

2005 by Cascade Geographic Society.

Cascade Geographic Society

P.O. Box 398

Rhododendron, Oregon 97049

(503) 622-4798

Non-Profit Tax Identification Number: 94-3041308

 

 

General Information about...

"The Oregon Trail Over Mount Hood"

 

This westward 2,200-mile route that we call the Oregon Trail was an ancient Native American path that was utilized at least 10,000 years before the first covered wagons began to roll over this emigrant trail. Every step that these travelers took to get to Oregon, and every inch that the wheels of their "Prairie Schooners" rolled, was over an indigenous route that linked Indian Nations on one side of the Rocky Mountains to the other, stretching over the Blue Mountains and the Cascades, all the way to the Willamette Valley and beyond.

In 1845, in spite of the failed passage of the covered wagons by the party of Samuel Kimbrough Barlow, the Barlow Trail was established through this rugged passage through the Cascade Mountains. Barlow, a 55-year-old Oregon Trail emigrant, was granted a charter and given $4,500 by the First Provisional Government of Oregon to establish a so-called wagon road, the first over the Cascades. Beginning in the Spring of 1846, travelers no longer had to manuever the expensive raft trip down the Columbia River, but only had to pay $5 per wagon to get through the toll gate.

Traveling the Barlow Trail was nothing like the emigrants had expected, especially when they believed that they really were going to have a toll road like they had in the east. This was nothing more than a Native American path that boasted few, if any, improvements. Travelers had to clear downed trees and rock slides if they expected to get through, and had to deal with seemingly bottomless swamps, not to mention dangerous stream crossings, and these troublesome places were its easier features. And, since this was usually during the Autumn Winter season, what was extemely hard became even more difficult.

 

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The worst obstacle that the Oregon Trail emigrants faced was Big Laurel Hill. This is where they were forced to lower their covered wagons down extremely steep, rocky cliffs with ropes.

Big Laurel Hill proved itself to be the single worst place on the 2,200-mile Oregon Trail. More people are said to have been injured and died here than anywhere along the historic emigrant route, from the banks of the Missouei River to the Willamette Valley.

Yet, once the treatchourous Big Laurel Hill had been overcome by the emigrants, the journey was far from over. There was still the seemingly bottomless mud of Camp Creek that flowed through the rugged Zig Zag Canyon, more frightening and difficult stream crossings, the steep terrain of Devil's Backbone, and other annoyances for the travelers.

The rugged Barlow Trail, Mount Hood's infamous Oregon Trail, is an incredible path of history awaiting to be discovered by modern-day adventurers. But, be sure that in every step that you take, treat this special path and its accompanying resources carefully and gently so that others can also enjoy it.

To learn more about Mount Hood's Infamous Oregon Trail (the Barlow Trail), please visit...

Stage Stop Road Interpretative Center

24525 East Stage Stop Road

in the historic Village of Welches

[located at the junction of

East Stage Stop Road & Welches Road]

All proceeds go towards preserving

Mount Hood's Oregon Trail

and its heritage treasures!

Donations accepted and appreciated!

 

For further information, please contact:

~ Cascade Geographic Society ~

P.O. Box 398

Rhododendron, Oregon 97049

(503) 622-4798

EMAIL: cgsmthood@onemain.com

WEBSITE: members.tripod.com/cgs-mthood

 

2005 by Cascade Geographic Society.