Cascade Geographic Society's Autumn 2004 Classes

Graduate & Undergraduate Cooperative Education Classes through Portland State University

Classes For Professional Development Units!

Please note regarding payment for classes: make out one check (to PSU) or pay with your credit card. You need to do this separately for each class. Check or credit card must be processed through Cascade Geographic Society, and must be received prior to the second class date . Payments not received by then may delay official registration and credit/grade. Please call (503) 622-4798 (Michael) or (503) 658-6233 (Nita) for information or registration.

IMPORTANT NOTE: Participants must be prepared to begin on time and bring the following: sack lunch (if complimentary lunch is not included in the fee) & snacks; $10 for museum admissions or tour fees, if needed; extra money in case of emergencies; proper dress and shoes to fit the weather conditions & season; & camera & film -- optional.



Cascade Geographic Society's  Autumn 2004 Classes

Beyond the Classroom:  Cultural, Historical & Natural Heritage Programs

Offered Through the "Oregon Trail Education Center"



Classes, Workshops, & Excursions of the Cascade Geographic Society

featured in cooperation with Portland State University


We do not have a minimum enrollment number, so we almost  never cancel classes.  Preregistration is encouraged, but you may also register on site at the first class session. Call (503) 622-4798 for registration and information.



Cascade Geographic Society

mailing address:  P.O. Box 398, Rhododendron, Oregon  97049.




Lewis & Clark-Native American Trail of Discovery:

Sauvie Island & Wapato Valley --- 1 Credit Hour

Graduate:  CRN --- CI 810/Undergraduate:  CRN --- CI 410

Instructor:  Michael P. Jones, M.S.                                                                          Fee:  $140

Date, Time, & Meeting Place:  (Fri.) Oct. 8 (10 a.m.-5:30 p.m.) in the parking lot below the Sauvie Island Bridge, Portland Oregon.


      During the years 1804 and 1805, the "Corps of Discovery", lead by Captain Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, explored the Columbia River during the years 1804 and 1805.  They followed the long-established trails and canoe routes of Native Americans, studying and mapping the natural environment, recording in their journals the indigenous people they encountered, as well as the wildlife and natural resources.  Along this "Great River of the West", the expedition found itself in Wapato Valley (which ranged from the mouth of the Sandy River to Wapato Island (known today as Sauvie), and beyond to the Coast Range.  These areas represent a land that had been utilized by indigenous people for over 10,000-plus years.  This heritage of both the native people and Lewis and Clark will be explored as you follow in their footsteps and in the wake of their canoes, as you study these diverse histories through a number of special site visits, while you glean information to take back to the classroom.


Oral Traditions, Ghost Stories, & Folklore of Lower Willamette River Haunted Places --- 1 Credit Hour

Graduate:  CRN --- CI 810/Undergraduate:  CRN --- CI 410

Instructor:  Michael P. Jones, M.S.                                                                          Fee:  $140

Date, Time, & Meeting Place:  (Sat.) Oct. 9 (10 a.m.-5:30 p.m.) at Carnegie Art Center, 606 John Adams, Oregon City, Oregon.


      Ghosts along the Lower Willamette River?  Here in this region that possesses some of the richest heritage of oral traditions in the Pacific Northwest, the stories and folklore reveal tales of ghostly hauntings that are associated with some particular historic events and places.  From steamboat landings to pioneer graveyards, to historic homes, to a waterfall and camas-gathering area, and other significant sites, participants learn about some of the history and of the people who are said to still haunt these places.  This class features a very different side of history -- the one rarely written about in books -- but passed on through the oral traditions of the Indians, the fur traders, and the early-day settlers and missionaries, and their descendants.  This is an ideal way to learn about the stories and little-known-history of what the emigrants called the "New Eden" (the Willamette Valley).  This unique educational exploration will enable participants to gather some unique classroom ideas for such things as historical projects, creative writing projects, and inter-disciplinary curriculums.


Folklore & Ghost Stories of Mt. Hood's Oregon Trail Landscapes --- 1 Credit Hour

Graduate:  CRN --- CI 810/Undergraduate:  CRN --- CI 410

Instructor:  Michael P. Jones, M.S.                                                                          Fee:  $140

Date, Time, & Meeting Place:  (Sat.) Oct. 16 (10 a.m.-5:30 p.m.) at "Stage Stop Road Interpretative Center", 24525 East Welches Road (at junction of Welches Road & Stage Stop Road), Village of Welches, Oregon.


      The Oregon Trail crossed Mt. Hood's southern flank and  served as an alternative for emigrants to rafting down the Columbia River, who mistakenly believed that it was safer.  This ancient Indian path that traversed through rugged and dangerous natural areas that lead these travelers over the Cascade Mountains and eventually to the Willamette Valley, forced these "overland" travelers through seemingly bottomless swamps and into lowering their "Prairie Schooners" down steep cliffs with ropes.  The events that took place along this crude path  became part of this Mountain's history and folklore, with fascinating tales of indigenous people, the Mountain Men, the gold-seekers and other prospectors, homesteaders, as well as infamous highwaymen, cattle rustlers, horse thieves, and other outlaws, some of whose spirits reportedly still continue to haunt to this very day.  This class will allow you to explore the places where this 11,235-foot Mountain's oral traditions have long told of ghosts who reportedly still continue to linger in their earth-bound prison.  From historical sites along the Oregon Trail to quiet out-of-the-way places within the forest, to isolated pioneer graves and mysterious tunnels hidden within the earth, to  haunted houses and the backroads of old homesteads, these unique stories are now part of the area's folklore.  The relationship of history to folklore and oral traditions, and understanding how to incorporate them into inter-disciplinary curriculums, is the focus of this class.


Portland's Eastbank Esplanade Underfoot:  History & Change of An Infamous Waterfront --- 1 Credit Hour

Graduate:  CRN --- CI 810/Undergraduate:  CRN --- CI 410

Instructor:  Michael P. Jones, M.S.                                                                          Fee:  $150

Date, Time, & Meeting Place:  (Sat.) Nov. 13 (10 a.m.-5:30 p.m.) in front of the ClarkLewis Cafe, 1001 S.E. Water Avenue, Portland, Oregon.


      The one-time town of East Portland occupied the eastern shoreline of the Willamette River and was an obvious rival to the City of Portland.  It's maritime industry served as an "economic springboard" to its growth and development, allowing it to blossom and compete with the "City of Roses".  Yet, like its competitive neighbor just across the river, there was another side to this quaint little settlement's economics that was not talked about openly, since the shanghaiing of men was supposedly reserved to that other "stumptown".  This class explores this former town's waterfront, focusing on the architecture of its historic buildings, its written and oral history, and the "Eastbank Esplanade" as an educational landscape that welcomes interpretation of not only its "normal" past history, but also that unwritten history of human abuse that some would rather not be remembered.  How all of this is or is not portrayed in its public art and special natural and human-made features is also explored.  This class will assist participants in gathering new classroom resources to aid in expanding inter-disciplinary study units and curriculums in a little-known urban area that has been generally forgotten.


Portland Underground:  Maritime History of the Infamous Shanghai Tunnels --- 1 Credit Hour

Graduate:  CRN --- CI 810/Undergraduate:  CRN --- CI 410

Instructor:  Michael P. Jones, M.S.                                                                          Fee:  $150

Date, Time, & Meeting Place:  (Sat.) Nov. 20 (10 a.m.-5:30 p.m.) at Mall 205, S.E. 102nd & Washington Street, in the parking lot outside of Baja Fresh, Portland, Oregon.


      The "Portland Underground", more popularly known as the "Shanghai Tunnels", represents a little-known maritime history not found in the history books.  Hidden in darkness and within the the cloak of corruption, its story is basically unwritten, and provides a glimpse back into the past of the "City of Roses".  During the "heyday" of the shanghaiing trade, unsuspecting men were kidnapped and sold to sea captains, giving Portland the dubious notoriety of being the "worst port in the world".  This class studies this shocking story that is revealed through a series of explorations of catacombs and forgotten darkened basements which represent the remnants of this little-told history of human rights violations at its absolute worst.  From the 1850's to as late as the early 1940's, unsuspecting victims -- most with little or no ties to their families, such as sailors, loggers, sheepherders, cowboys, ranchhands, and other working stiffs -- learned first hand about the "darkness and shadows" of this river town that was wide-open because of its corruption.  Many of these individuals who frequented such places as saloons, gambling parlors, opium dens, and bordellos, would find themselves dropped through trapdoors into basements, where they were held hostage in make-shift cells for a period of time, until they were finally taken through this underground network out to the wharfs and sold to sea captains ready to "set sail" for the Orient.  Once "out to sea", they soon realized that they were just another one of the many victims who were sold for "blood money" and made Portland the "Shanghai Capital of the World".  Enrich your curriculums and study units with this fascinating course that takes you into the "Underground" as you explore its incredible secrets.


Portland Architectural Landmarks & Mansions:  A History of Elegance & Folklore --- 1 Credit Hour

Graduate:  CRN --- CI 810/Undergraduate:  CRN --- CI 410

Instructor:  Michael P. Jones, M.S.                                                                          Fee:  $150

Date, Time, & Meeting Place:  (Sat.) Dec. 4 (10 a.m.-5:30 p.m.) at at Mall 205, S.E. 102nd & Washington Street, in the parking lot outside of Baja Fresh, Portland, Oregon.


      Portland's architectural landmarks are both diverse and elegant, with some experts actually referring to this wonderful eclectic assemblage as "frozen music".  From the mansions of the "City of Roses" to the "painted ladies" of the Victorian homes, to the cast-iron frontage buildings and ornate fountains of the past, to even the magnificent bridges that continue to span the Willamette River, each of these landmarks possess a special grandeur that is unequaled in anything designed and built in our contemporary times.  Each has their own story to tell, with some of this history having become part of the oral heritage of their neighborhoods, while others became immersed in the folklore of the city itself.  Participants will explore a variety of these architectural wonders and learn about the fascinating stories behind them.  Learn about the exciting history of some very unique places like Pittock Mansion, the Simon Benson House, the ornate fountains and cast-iron and brick-fronted buildings of Old Town, the elegance of such residences as the Palmer House, the Lion & the Rose House, the Tudor House, the Portland White House, the Clinkerbrick House, the MacMaster House, and others.  View them first-hand inside and out, gather their histories, and learn about their fascinating histories and about the special communities of which they  Portland Architectural Landmarks & Mansions (continued) are part.  A great way to explore while gathering information for developing teaching units, curriculums, strengthening your professional knowledge, and just for personal interest.


Winter Along the Barlow Trail --- 1 Credit Hour

Graduate:  CRN --- CI 810/Undergraduate:  CRN --- CI 410

Instructor:  Michael P. Jones, M.S.                                                                          Fee:  $140

Date, Time, & Meeting Place:  (Sun.) Dec. 12 (10 a.m.-5:30 p.m.) at "Stage Stop Road Interpretative Center", 24525 East Welches Road (at junction of Welches Road & Stage Stop Road), Village of Welches, Oregon.


      The worst portions of the 2,000-plus mile Oregon Trail for the overland emigrants were those sections that crossed over ancient Native American paths over Mt. Hood, where danger seemed to lurk along every single step in this difficult  journey.  Known as the "Barlow Trail", the most infamous site was Big Laurel Hill where travelers were forced to lower their wagons with ropes down horrifyingly-steep cliffs.  In the Winter season, the problems magnified, and burdens for the "overlanders" increased and the travelers, so very close to the "New Eden" (the Willamette Valley), had to fight for their lives.  This class will allow you to follow in the wake of the covered wagons and stand in the "footprints" of the pioneers as you study this fascinating history in a season when the new-life-seekers were attempting to conquer this difficult and wild landscape.  This class focuses on the rich multi-cultural history, which dates back to some ten thousand-plus years of Native American use prior to the coming of the first whites.  Participants will visit grave sites, stream "fords", camp sites, a toll gate, and other places where the "Prairie Schooners" traversed through the forests.  This class will impact how you teach the history of the Oregon Trail, and will provide you a wealth of information to re-energize your classroom curriculum.  



~ Tours & Other Special Educational Programs ~



Tour Mount Hood's Infamous Oregon Trail

With Your Class This Spring


      Through the years, it has become tradition to many schools to visit the Oregon Trail on Mount Hood with the Cascade Geographic Society, and this would be an ideal adventure for you, your class, and parent helpers.  Bring history alive by taking advantage of this field trip opportunity where you can follow in the wake of the "Prairie Schooners".  The sites that will be visited during this day-long excursion include emigrant graves and campsites, wagon ruts and swales, primary and secondary routes, tollgates, stream "fords", and much more, including the infamous Big Laurel Hill where pioneers were forced to lower their covered wagons down over its dangerously-steep cliffs.  This special interpretative tour will be enhanced with multi-cultural stories of the past about the Indians, the emigrant travelers, and the African-American pioneers who came West.  This is a very popular field trip so sign-up early and reserve a day by calling (503) 622-4798.


Visit the  "Portland Underground" (Shanghai Tunnels)

with Your Class.  Call (503) 622-4798 for Information!



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For Volunteer Opportunities, Please Call (503) 622-4798!

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159th Anniversary of the Infamous Barlow Trail


            The Autumn of 2004 marks the 159th Anniversary of the first toll road over the Cascade Mountain Range. Known as the Barlow Trail, this was the final overland link of the Oregon Trail that allowed emigrant travelers a cheaper but far more dangerous alternative to rafting their covered wagons down the Columbia River. 

      In 1845,  the wagon parties of Samuel Kimbrough Barlow, Joel Palmer, and William Rector joined together and attempted to make the first crossing of the 11,235-foot Mt. Hood by widening an Ancient Indian trail.  From mid-September through December, they battled their way through the thick timber of the Mountain's southern flank, and failed.  They had to cache their "Prairie Schooners" and most of their possessions in a crudely-made log cabin, and hiked out.  They didn't reach Oregon City until Christmas Day.  The following year, after Barlow received a charter from the Provisional Government of Oregon, plus $4,500, he started charging a toll for the previlege of traveling over this rough wilderness path.  Travelers taking this route was required, amongst other things, to lower their wagons down the steep cliffs of Big Laurel Hill with ropes. 

      Today, with the expertise of an interpreter with the Cascade Geographic Society, experience this unique and colorful history by visiting emigrant campsites, graves, tollgates, wagon ruts and swales, and even the infamous Big Laurel Hill, the worst section of the 2,000-plus mile Oregon Trail.  Or, study Old-Growth Forests, wetlands, Wild Rivers, Salmon and wildlife habitats,  ethno-botany, environmental issues, and more, all located alongside this historic trail. 

      Give the Cascade Geographic Society a call at (503) 622-4798 for further information and details.  We'll work with you to develop just the right field studies experience for you and your class.


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Coming...Living History on the Oregon Trail at our

"Oregon Country Settlement".

Call (503) 622-4798 for Information!

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Participate With Your Class in

"Mt. Hood's Old-Growth Wilderness Odyssey"


      Experience "Mt. Hood's Old-Growth Wilderness Odyssey" with your  class.  Participants will learn about both the Rivers and the Forests in this inter-disciplinary approach.  Spend the day in a 33-acre Old-Growth Forest, complete with a Lake,  a River, Wetlands, and lots of Wildlife and Salmon.  This unique outdoor classroom will allow you to study environmental science, fisheries, social studies, language arts, art, and more.  We'll design a program to fit your needs.  A great winter season field trip.  Call (503) 622-4798 for specific details.

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Visit Mount Hood's Oregon Trail with Your Class!

Autumn, Winter, or Spring!  Call (503) 622-4798.


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Want To Tour Portland's Infamous Underground

(The Shanghai Tunnels) With Your Class?


      Beneath the streets of Downtown Portland's waterfront lie the remains of an infamous history that represents the remnants of an untold history of human rights violations at their worst.  Unsuspecting victims who had little or no ties to their families, and who frequented the saloons and other places of lesser reputations, would find themselves dropped through trapdoors into basements where they were held hostage for a period of time until they were finally taken through tunnels to the wharfs and sold to sea captains ready to leave port.  It was a time when the Rose City was "wide open" and police and political corruption were common but rarely discussed openly. 

      Roughly from 1850 to 1941, shanghaiers who sold men for "blood money", had little or no interference from the outside.  Commonly referred to as "Wharf Rats" or "Land Sharks", these merciless shanghaiers controlled the city's harbors to the point that Portland became known as the "Worst Port in the World" for this skullduggery. 

      Today, you can visit the infamous "Portland Underground" with the Cascade Geographic Society.  We will adjust the historical information in this 45-minute tour to the age of your class.  This unique adventure into the historical world of shanghaiing is quickly becoming known as one of the best educational field trips around.

      If you would like to explore Portland's Shangahi Tunnels with your class, make your reservations today.  Special limited tours of Portland's infamous Underground are available.  This unique and secret history of the "City of Roses" is awaiting you and your classes discovery and exploration. 

      For additional information, please give the Cascade Geographic Society a call (503) 622-4798.  And, due to our workload, if you get our voicemail, to insure a quick response, be sure to leave both a daytime and evening number with the hours you can be reached.



Located on Mount Hood's Oregon Trail, "Stage Stop Road Interpretative Center" is awaiting the arrival of you and your class! For the study of western migration, Native American culture, wildlife, old-growth, and other natural resources, this is the place to visit.

Small, but packed with great information!

Call us to make an appointment at (503) 622-4798.


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Storytelling is alive and well! Call us at (503) 622-4798 today!

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How You and Your Class or Organization Can Keep

Wildlife From Being Killed On Our Roads


      You and your class or organization can assist the Cascade Geographic Society from keeping wildlife from being killed on roads in the Mount Hood Area by sponsoring a "Wild Animal Warning Reflector".  These unique devices are placed along roads in wildlife migration corridors and are beneficial to the animals during the high-kill periods, which is between dusk and dawn.  When the light of the on-coming traffic passes this section of road that has the "reflector" mounted on a 3-foot post, Deer, Elk, Bear, Cougar, Bobcat, Coyote, Raccoons, and other wild animals will wait until the vehicle(s) pass.  The cost is only $20 a reflector.  This is a great class project.  Every reflector makes a difference.  This is a great and critical fund-raising project!  For additional information how you can help, please call (503) 622-4798 or email us at  Or, write us at:  Save Our Wildlife, P.O. Box 398, Rhododendron, Oregon  97049.


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Learn More About Our Special Educational Festivals & Events.

Call (503) 622-4798 for information or check out our website at:

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Environmental & Oregon Trail Projects In Need of Volunteers


      Each school year, over 350 dedicated volunteers from Portland Metropolitan Area has assisted us in restoring the natural environment, sections of the Oregon Trail, or in doing other important work that helps both history and Mother Nature.  However, much more work is left to be done.  If you want to contribute some volunteer time to benefit fish and wildlife, we could surely utilize you and your talents. 

      Many things have contributed to the poor conditions of our Northwest, and we still have fish and wildlife habitats in need of enhancement or restoration.  Help Salmon and wildlife species by lending Cascade Geographic Society a hand.  Project sites vary and can range from Mount Hood (which is a major focal point), to the Columbia and Willamette Rivers to Sauvie Island.

      Important historical sites like the Barlow Trail (the Oregon Trail segment over Mount Hood is being consumed by non-Native plants.  Restoration is critical in order to bring native vegetation back.  

      If interested, please get in touch with the Cascade Geographic Society.  Give Nita Kreuzer, Volunteer Coordinator, a call at (503) 658-6233 [evenings].


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The Cascade Geographic Society is always setting up New Classes & Educational Opportunities.To avoid missing out, please consider having our class schedule emailed, faxed, or even mailed to you directly. Contact us at (503) 622-4798 or email us at:

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"Rhododendron Meadow"


      "Rhododendron Meadow" is a special place that has been preserved by the Cascade Geographic Society as part of their "Sanctuary Lands Program" for future generations. This 14.5 acres  that is a natural, cultural, and historical treasure, is an ideal place for your class for field research, whether its studying its Anadromous Fish Streams, Wetlands, Open Meadows, or Forests. If you have a research need, please give us a call at (503) 622-4798.


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Storytelling Programs


       The Cascade Geographic Society can provide a professional storyteller for your class, organization, workshop, seminar, or other gatherings.  Specializing in Native American myths, true stories of the Oregon Trail and the Mountain Men- told in period clothing and utilizing the music and artifacts of those times of long ago, around a special indoor campfire - history does come alive!  Reserve a performance for Northwest Indian Myths and Legends, a lone storyteller in period clothing or the complete program with Indian drumming, singing, dancing, and storytelling.  Or, Tales of the Oregon Trail, featuring a storyteller in period clothing, retelling the famous and infamous stories of this ancient 2000-plus mile trail of the Indians and the "Prairie Schooners".  In addition, there are many other programs that feature oral tradition such as the Following:  Tall Tales of the Pacific Northwest and Stories of Other Oddities (true or not, these stories are part of the folklore of this most unique geographic area); Taming the New Eden (Stories of Settling the Willamette Valley) (the oral history of the American Indians and the others who emigrated West -- the Oregon Trail pioneers, the missionaries, the Chinese, the African-Americans, the Gypsies, and others); Tales of Old Oregon (stories of its history and how this geographic region became a state); and more.


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Storytelling Workshop


       We offer a  special half day, one, two, or three-day workshop that teaches you how to not only tell stories, but how to write stories.  This special process, Writing Oral Tradition, combines various disciplines --- language arts, drama, speech, history, etc.  The sessions include storytelling performances, classroom presentations (such as oral traditions in the Northwest, North America, and around the world, the art and techniques of storytelling, the use of props, blending music and dance, the use of research in storytelling, the process of writing stories, editing stories, etc.), and more.  The production of a hardbound book of stories is also an option in this very unique workshop for both educators and their students.


Field Trip Opportunities & Special Programs 

For You & Your Class!


Field Trip Opportunities!


      Portland Underground (Infamous Shanghai  Tunnels)

      Mount Hood's Infamous Oregon Trail  Tour

      Mount Hood's Old-Growth Wilderness Odyssey

      Lewis & Clark  Trail  Tours

      Pioneer  Cemetery  Tours  

      Custom-Designed  Tours (we'll create one to meet your needs!)


Special Programs!


      Storytelling --- Native American Mythology, Tales of Oregon Trail,

            and More...

      Storytelling Workshops Holiday Tales From Old Oregon

      Special Class Presentations

      Living History Presentations

      Custom-Designed  School  Programs (we'll create one especially for your           needs)


Volunteer Opportunities!


      Mount Hood's Public Lands Clean-Up

      Portland Underground Restoration Projects

      Mount Hood's Oregon Trail  Restoration Projects

      Fish & Wildlife Habitat Restoration Projects

      And Much More...


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                          Year 2005 Annual Events



Mount Hood Oregon Trail Quilt Show & Old-Time Fiddlers Jamboree: 

Past & Present (a heritage exhibition, show, sale, & music festival)

      (Saturday) July 17th, 2004

      (Sunday) July 18th, 2004


Mount Hood Huckleberry Festival & Barlow Trail Days

      (Friday) August 27th, 2004 

      (Saturday) August 28th, 2004

      (Sunday) August 29th, 2004


Mount Hood Salmon & Mushroom Festival

      (Saturday) October 2nd, 2004 --- Mount Hood Grilling Championship

      (Sunday) October 3rd, 2004 --- Oregon State Salmon-Smoking Championship


Mount Hood's Oregon Trail Ghost Stories & Haunted Places

      (Saturday) October 23rd, 2004


Mount Hood Public Lands Clean-Up

      (Saturday) November 6th, 2004


Christmas Along The Barlow Trail

      (Saturday) December 11th, 2004 ~ Oregon Trail Heritage Day

      (Sunday) December 12th, 2004 ~ Oregon Trail Heritage Tour


Pioneer Harvest Feast (& Volunteer Appreciation Dinner)

      (Saturday) December 11th, 2004